Category Archives: Uncategorized

Plugged

What is the big difference between China and the West when it comes to electric cars? Most Chinese citizens don’t live in private houses and therefore have to rely on external charging stations for their electric cars.

That’s why having a strong top-down approach to rolling out a new technology comes in handy. The State Grid Corporation - China’s (state-owned) largest electric transmission company – is rumored to thinking of introducing an electric pricing system for electric cars (in addition to those used for private, agricultural and industrial purposes) – not a small feat given the heterogenous technologies on the market and its evolutive nature. Help will be provided by the China Electricity Council’s efforts of standardization and by the arrival in the sector of other state-owned firms seeking to diversify.

Industrial policy does come handy at time – electric cars is one of China’s seven strategic emerging industries - something that must give some hope to firms like BYD whose prospects tended to look rather bleak lately.

Quid pro quo

The Chinese Internet sphere is once again the target of a tightening of rules in an attempt to clarify national security reviews of foreign investments in Chinese companies

Variable interest entities (VIE) – a scheme in which a Chinese company holds an operating license but control rests in foreign hands – is bound to come under increased scrutiny from the legislator. The hic? Some of the major players (including Google, Baidu, Sina, Youku or Renren) and thousands of smaller Internet players are using VIEs.

While giving more leeway to the regulator, this new rule is, in essence, not very different from the role played by the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) which has in recent years blocked Huawei’s acquisition of two US technology companies (2Wire and 3Com).

An IP culture in China?

Will 2011 mark the emergence of an intellectual property (IP) culture in China?

There are of course the usual suspects, Huawei and ZTE, who happen to rank among the top 5 global patent filers in 2010. But it seems that the two IP champions are building a following at the domestic level. According to Reuters, the number of IP civil litigation cases filed in China in 2010 rose by 37%. Where it used to be MNCs suing Chinese firms, the reverse is now happening – Huawei sued Motorola in a U.S. court – and Chinese firms are also going against each other – Huawei and ZTE are suing each other in a German court (!).

While a sure sign that there is some valuable IP to protect in China, it remains a bit early to rejoice. Having notably improved in the past decade the Chinese court system still requires some capacity-building. In addition, most of the patents filed in China would probably not qualify as inventions in foreign IP offices. But Rome wasn’t built in one day either.

Interconnected

If anyone needs an additional proof that companies and financial markets are tightly integrated across the Pacific, just look at the movement of share prices in the IT industry following the announcement of Steve Jobs resignation as CEO.

On the one hand, shares of Apple’s direct competitors – Samsung, LG and HTC – rose by 1-2% on their respective stock exchanges. On the other hand, the shares of Apple suppliers – Hon hai/Foxcon, Wintek and Catcher Technology – fell by 4-6%.

The surprise came from the Hong Kong stock exchange where the shares of China Unicom – iPhone distributor in China – gained more than 10%, a reminder that second-guessing the reaction of investors is never easy.

A cybertruce?

When it comes to Internet matters, the US and China are seldom on the same page. For once though they seem to be reading from the same book. At least that’s what appears from the report of the Second Worldwide Cybersecurity Summit recently held in London.

A team of Chinese and American experts have produced two joint recommendations and 46 best practices that, if implemented, would be very effective in reducing spam. Delegates have also agreed, as part of future work, to come up with a cyber taxonomy as well as multilateral meetings on “rules of the road” for cyber conflict.

It may not yet be cyberpeace between the two countries but at least a cybertruce is a good way to start.

Renew-able

After trusting the top spot for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), China now leads the world in total investment in renewable energy with USD 50 billion.

The indicators listed in the report by REN21 are telling : in 2010 China was the top installer in wind turbines and solar thermal systems as well as the top hydropower producer. It added 29 GW of grid-connected renewable capacity. Renewables accounted for 26% of total installed electric capacity (18% of generation but only 9% of final energy consumption). China accounts for the world’s half of new installed capacity in wind power. It also leads the list of new capacity in solar hot water/heat.

The country plans to have 362 GW of renewable capacity installed by 2020 (the equivalent of 300 nuclear reactors), including 300 GW hydro, 30 GW wind, 30 GW biomass and 1.8 GW solar PV. Central government’s policy are complemented by initiatives at the local level. For instance, Beijing aimed to have 40% of electric power capacity by 2010 and Shanghai aimed to have 200-300 MW of wind and 10 MW of solar PV by 2010. The city of Lianyangang requires solar hot water in all new residential buildings up to 12 stories.

In spite of this major drive, renewable energy (including hydropower) only fills for 25% of its energy needs. The rest comes from nuclear 1% and thermal 73%.

A global mobile standard

 The chances to have LTE as a global standard for mobile telephony are looking better and better… at last

For sure it has taken some time to clear the Chinese 3G hurdle but business sense is prevailing again and there has been (almost) no loss of face with the  TD-SCDMA standard - Chinese engineers and politicians can rest their case.

China Mobile, who was “entrusted” with rolling out TD-SCDMA, is looking towards deploying LTE before the end of the year. The company has even joined its former strategic partner Vodafone for a pilot trial.

Two questions remain: when will the legacy technologies be decommissionned and who will get the royalties fees? Maybe industrial policy is not dead after all.

1 weibi = 1 yuan

With all the talk of the dollar being replaced by the euro or the yuan, one may have easily missed Weibo - among China’s largest micro-blogging sites – annoucing the launch of a virtual currency aptly named weibi.

Through this move the Chinese ‘Twitter’ is trying to generate some revenue from its impressive user base (estimated at 200 million). The curreny is equivalent to one yuan for each unit and users can use their bank accounts or online payment tool Alipay to top up their weibi account.

The introduction of fees Weibo runs the risk of antagonising the micro-blogging community and killing the golden goose. If that happens, it will always have the possibility to devaluate the weibi.

#29 in the Global Innovation Index

According to the annual report released by INSEAD, China now ranks #29 (up from #43) in the global innovation index – and #1 among developing countries.
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Source: INSEAD (2011) Global Innovation Index
As with many synthetic indexes, it is always worthwhile to dig further into the data. It turns out that China has a number of strengths and weaknesses. Among the former, the report lists patent applications, gross capital formation, high-tech imports and exports (a large majority are MNC-driven). Among the latter, one can find regulatory quality, press freedom and time to start a business. True enough, both business and market sophistication have notably increased over the years and so has scientific output.If China aims to reach the top 20 or higher it will have to wiork hard (and fast) on its institutions.

A new wind is blowing

Chinese wind turbines may not be as advanced in terms of technology as their overseas competitors’ but they are up to 30% cheaper. This explains partly how Chinese wind manufacturers emerged from nowhere – before 2006 there was no Chinese firm in the top 10 global manufacturers - and managed to capture a significant share in the world markets. Help from the government to develop “indigenous technology” and traditional market-for-technology probably explain the rest of the success.

In addition to selling turbines, a number of Chinese companies are taking further step by establishing themselves directly abroad. The Longyuan Power Group acquired rights to develop a 100 megawatt project in Canada. Sinowell just agreed on a EUR 1.5 billion investment to build a 1500 megawatt windfarm in Ireland and is exploring offshore farms in Greece. It is no surprise either that a couple of month ago, Sinovel released a 6 megawatt turbine prototype (with 128 meter blades in diameter) and announced it is working on a 10 megawatt turbine, the world’s largest.

The question now is how Western governments and companies can counter China’s succesful industrial policies.